Published Papers on EV71 Vaccine Candidate

  • Date: 2012-08-10
  • Pageview: 13449

1. Formalin-inactivated vaccine provokes cross-protective immunity in a mouse model of human enterovirus 71 infection.

2011 Jun 24;29(29-30):4829-38. Epub 2011 May 6.
 
Infectious Diseases and Immunology, The University of Sydney, Australia. emily.bek@sydney.edu.au
 
Abstract
 
Human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) has emerged as a major cause of epidemics of hand, foot and mouth disease associated with severe neurological sequelae in the Asia-Pacific region. In this study, a passive protection mouse model was used to evaluate the protective efficacy of formalin-inactivated HEV71 vaccines derived from a Chinese C4 genotype strain. Pregnant mice were immunised using a prime/boost strategy and ≥50U of vaccine protected five-day-old pups from lethal challenge with a mouse-adapted (B3 genotype) strain of HEV71. Immunised mice developed a neutralising antibody response to both the immunising C4 strain and to the mouse-adapted strain. Mice born to immunised dams showed significantly less myositis and reduced viral loads in tissues.
 
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
 
 
 
2012 May 9;30(22):3295-303. Epub 2012 Mar 15.
 
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.
 
Abstract
 
There is an urgent need for a novelvaccine that is effective against humanEnterovirus71 (EV71) outbreaks. A double-blind, randomized controlled study was to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a human EV71 vaccine in healthy adults, children and infants. The vaccine dosages were 200 U and 400 U for children and adults, and 100 U, 200 U and 400 U for infants. Subjects were randomized to receive different dosages of the vaccine or placebo. Adults received intramuscular injection on Days 0, 14 and 28. Children and Infants received on Days 0, 28 and 56. The novelhuman EV71 inactivated vaccine was well tolerated and highly immunogenic in healthy volunteers, especially in infant populations. For immune response, the seropositive rates (with titers ≥≥1:8) of neutralizing antibody [NTAb] increased to 100% for all dosage groups after the second vaccination. For NTAb seronegative infants before vaccination, after one dose, the NTAb GMTs were 29.7 (95% CI, 13.1-67.2), 10.1 (95% CI, 6.6-15.3), and 27.4 (95% CI, 14.3-52.2) in the 100 U, 200 U, and 400 U vaccine groups, respectively; after two doses, the GMTs were 114.1 (95% CI, 44.5-292.4), 159.5 (95% CI, 49.3-515.3), and 509.0 (95% CI, 181.3-1429.1), respectively. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT01273246 and NCT01273233.
 
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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